Protected areas vs. regional development based on the example of Poland

  • Alina Kulczyk-Dynowska Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy we Wrocławiu
Keywords: Regional development, Regional data, Natural resources, Sustainability


The paper presents an attempt to prove that covering a certain area by the forms of nature protection does not mean halting the processes occurring in it and responsible for its socio-economic development. This is very important, because in spite of technical and civilization progress manifested by changes in transport, logistics, innovations in communication processes and other factors depreciating the importance of localization for production processes, natural resources – as an endogenous factor – still play the significant role in regional development.

The paper offers the characteristics of regional development mechanisms, the idea of sustainable development, the analysis of legislation referring to nature conservation in force in Poland in the period 1934-2013 and regional studies covering the years 2004-2012. As the result of conducted analyses the thesis regarding the negative impact of the area forms of nature protection on regional development should be rejected.


Czaja S., Fiedor B. (2010), Ekonomia środowiska a ekonomia ekologiczna – dylemat edukacyjny, in: ed. Poskrobko B., Edukacja dla zrównoważonego rozwoju. Tom II Edukacja dla ładu ekonomicznego, Wyd. Ekonomia i Środowisko, Białystok-Wrocław. 2010.

Sauerborn K. (1996), Die regionalisierung der Wirtschaft als Beitrag zu einer nachhaltigen Entwicklung, in: ed. Peters U., Regionen im Aufbruch,. Ketteler Verlag GmbH. Bornheim.

Rogall H. (2010), Ekonomia zrównoważonego rozwoju, Zysk i S-ka Publishers, Poznań.

Maier G. (2012), Endogene Wachstumtheorie, in: eds. Maier G., Tödtling F., Trippl M., Regional- und Stadtökonomik 2, Regionalentwicklung und Regionalpolitik, Springer Publishers, Wien, New York.

Lorek E., Gierczycka J. (2010), Edukacja na rzecz zrównoważonego rozwoju w śląskich szkołach wyższych, in: ed. Borys T., Edukacja dla zrównoważonego rozwoju. Tom I Edukacja dla ładu zintegrowanego, Wyd. Ekonomia i Środowisko, Białystok-Wrocław.

Żarska B. (2011), Ochrona krajobrazu, SGGW Publishers, Warsaw.

The Act dated 16th April 2004 on nature protection (Journal of Laws 2004 No. 92 item 880 with later amendments).

National strategy for environment education (2001), The Ministry of Environment, Warsaw. [26.02.2014].

Poland 2011 economy – society – regions Report (2011),The Ministry of Regional Development, Warsaw, [22.01.2014].

Regional development in Poland 2009 report (2009), The Ministry of Regional Development. Warsaw, [16.01.2014].

National Development Strategy 2020 (2012), The Ministry of Regional Development, Warsaw, [16.01.2014]. [16.01.2014].