Sustainable development from an evolutionary perspective


  • Bas Schrauwen Independent scholar



sustainable development, evolution, environmental economics, politics


Aim: awareness of the inherent unsustainability of past economic development, the magnitude and multidimensionality of the resulting environmental problems and the urgency of a paradigm shift in politics and economics.


Design / Research methods: reflection on Matthias Glaubrecht´s book “Das Ende der Evolution” (The End of Evolution). Additionally Yuval Harari´s book “Sapiens” and some online sources were used.


Conclusions / findings: An evolutionary developed cognitive superiority has made Homo sapiens not only to the most successful but also the most destructive species ever, which makes a drastic shift towards sustainable development is overdue in the 21st century.


Originality / value of the article: highlighting the slow and merciless mechanisms of evolution and its big cycles, raising more awareness of the vulnerability of mankind and the necessity for a paradigm shift.


Implications of the research (if applicable): urgency of sustainable development in politics, economics and research.

Keywords: sustainable development,  evolution, environmental economics, politics

JEL: B52, Q01, Q59


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